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PALMS, CITRUS,

List of Palm Trees Suitable for Inland Texas

Trachycarpus fortunei (Chinese Windmill Palm): trunks to 12', a choice palm, hardy to 20 degrees.

Rhapidophyllum hystrix (Needle Palm): clumps to 3', has long needles around base of trunk, the most cold hardy of palms - to 10 degrees!

Butia capitata (Pindo Palm): trunks to 10', good spread, nice bluish gray foliage. hardy to mid 20's.

Phoenix canariensis (Canary Island Date Palm): Trunks to 20', edible fruit, hardy to mid 20's.  

Sabal palmetto/Sabal texanis (Cabbage Palm): trunks to 20', hardy to lower 20's.

Sabal minor (Blue Swamp Palm): Clumps to 5', large bluish leaves, excellent for damp/wet areas, native to Texas coastal flood plains. Can only be grown from seed - doesn't transplant well so don't collect from the wild, Nurseries do grow and stock this plant, hardy to 20 degrees

Chamaerops humilis (European/Mediterranian Fan Palm): Thickly clumps to 10', very decorative, hardy to lower 20's.

Serenoa repens (silver form very ornamental): a clumping, shrubby palm to 4', needs well drained soil, hardy to near 20 degrees. Considered a weed in FL, but hard to find in TX. 

Nannarrhops ritchiana: a thick large leaved clumping palm that comes in green or silver/bluish forms.

Trithrinax compestris: a bluish leaved fan palm, slow growing, but forming a trunk with age.  

There are other palms that will survive Central and South Texas winters. The Palm Society of South Texas ( sabal@shelley.dbstech.com ) can provide further information on this topic.

Another excellent Site for finding further information sources about Palms is "Searching the Internet for Palms".

For good cold hardiness information on palms, go to Cold Hardy Palms, a page with recommended palms for colder climates by Phil Bergman

Rhiphidophylum histrix - Needle Palm

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Nannorrhops ritchiana - blue form

List of Citrus & Other Fruit Suitable for Central Texas

Citrus can be successfully grown in the some inland Texas areas providing you stick to the more cold hardy varieties recommended below. Growing any other citrus plants will be very risky in our area. Most citrus that will endure the Central Texas area winters are grafted on trifoliate orange (Poncirus) root stock. Citrus must also have a slightly acidic, well drained soil (not limestone/alkaline based as is found in Texas Hill Country and can be container grown if roots are protected from winter freeezing.

Satsuma Oranges (most any variety can withstand temps to 25 degrees). Owari. Big Early, Armstrong, and Arnolds are some variety names found in local nursery trade.

Calamondin Orange: (Citrofortunella mitis) - this small tart seedy orange is grown more for ornamental value than for fruit value. This makes a great potted plant with fragrant citrus bloom and ornamental small fruit. These oranges can be squeezed into iced tea to add a great flavor.  Pictured to the left is the variegated Calamondin fruit.

Changsha Tangerine is even more cold hardy than Satsuma oranges and can be grown true from seed. Clementine and Fairchild Tangerines are also listed as very cold in cold tolerance. 

Kumquat: (Fortunella spp)  Nagami and Meiwa are the best varieties. Nagami is a very tart fruit. Meiwa is very sweet to and great to eat (skin and all).  

Limequat: this cross between a lime and kumquat can be grown in Zone 9 with good cold tolerance. The fruit can be used for the same purposes one would use a lime.  

Meyer Lemon: (not believed to be a true lemon but a cross between lemon and satsuma orange), has fair cold tolerance and would need a very protected area for in-ground growing. Other Lemon varieties are NOT cold tolerant to Central Texas area and need winter protection.

Most grapefruit and orange varieties:  All are not cold tolerant to the Central Texas area . There may be some exceptions, or a sufficient microenvironment might protect less hardy varieties from winter cold.

Other delicious fruit (not citrus) that you might trying is the Pineapple Guava (Acca sellowiana), or the Loquat, both evergreen hardy small trees that produce a very tasty fruit and grow well in Central Texas.   

Variegated Calamondin Orange (Citrofortunella mitis)

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Meiwa kumquat and Pineapple Guava fruit

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