Specialized Trees for the
Central Texas Areas
This table provides a quick reference (using both
botanical and common names) for selecting suitable specialty trees to plant in
the Gulf Coast and Central Texas There may be additional trees
suitable for your desired conditions that are not on this list. Included
are a list of palm trees
varieties for warmer TX climates. trees to avoid
and why, For other general tree recommendations, see our recommended
plant lists for Houston and Austin. We would appreciate receiving any
additional recommendations for additions to this list.
List of Palm Trees Suitable for
List of Citrus Trees Suitable for
Central Texas Areas
Citrus can be
successfully grown in the some inland Texas areas providing you
stick to the more cold hardy varieties recommended below. Growing any
other citrus plants will be very risky in our area. Most citrus that will endure
the Central Texas area winters are
grafted on trifoliate orange (Poncirus) root stock. Citrus must also
have a slightly acidic, well drained soil (not limestone/alkaline based as is
found in Texas Hill Country and can be container grown if roots are protected
from winter freeezing.
Satsuma Oranges (most any variety can withstand temps to 25 degrees).
Owari. Big Early, Armstrong, and Arnolds are some variety names found in local
Calamondin Orange: (Citrofortunella
mitis) - this small tart seedy orange is grown more for ornamental value than
for fruit value. This makes a great potted plant with fragrant citrus
bloom and ornamental small fruit. These oranges can be squeezed into iced
tea to add a great flavor. Pictured to
the left is the variegated Calamondin fruit.
Changsha Tangerine is even more
cold hardy than Satsuma oranges and can be grown true from
seed. Clementine and Fairchild Tangerines are also listed as
very cold in cold tolerance.
Kumquat: (Fortunella spp) Nagami and
Meiwa are the best varieties. Nagami is a very tart fruit. Meiwa is very
sweet to and great to eat (skin and all).
Limequat: this cross between a lime and kumquat can be grown in Zone 9 with
good cold tolerance. The fruit can be used for the same purposes one would
use a lime.
Meyer Lemon: (not believed to be a true lemon but a cross between
lemon and satsuma orange), has fair cold tolerance and would need a very
protected area for in-ground growing. Other Lemon varieties are NOT
cold tolerant to Central Texas area and need winter
Most grapefruit and orange
varieties: All are not cold tolerant to
the Central Texas area . There may be some exceptions, or
a sufficient microenvironment might protect less hardy varieties from winter
Trees to Avoid - and
- Sapium sebiferium (Chinese Tallow) - short lived,
rampant reseeding, and messy - fall color is only redeeming
- Albrizia julibrissin (Mimosa) - very disease
- Prosopis glandulosa (Mesquite) - unruly shape, brittle
- Acer negundo (Box Elder) - only exception may be the
variegated cultivar 'Flamingo" which is highly ornamental. (rampant growth,
draws box elder bugs)
- Salix species (Willows) - rampant root system, rampant
grower, short lived.
- Acer Saccarinum (Silver Maple) - brittle wood, surface
- Fraxinus selutina (Arizona Ash) - disease prone,
fast grower but short lived, weak branches
- Melia azedarach (Chinaberry) - Prolifically invasive from seeds,
harmful to native species.
- Celtis occidentalis (Hackberry) - Very fast
grower, reseeds and sends up shoots from roots rampantly, untidy.
- Trees not suited to dry or alkaline soils - e.g. Cornus florida (Flowering Dogwood)